Art Museums in London are plenty and among the best museums of the world. The numerous museums of London are the result of the nation's compulsion to collect artifacts. We give you an introduction to some of the art museums of London.
The National Gallery:
The National Gallery is situated between north of Trafalgar Square and Orange Street. The current building is the third place to house the museum. The collection at the national Gallery is noted for encompassing a wide art-historical scope. Each of the paintings is of a consistent high quality and enables the tracing of major artistic developments from the Early Renaissance to the Post-Impressionists. The collection at the gallery is based on the British Royal Collection. The collection was a sovereign property scattered across various palaces.
The British set up the National Gallery after the repayment of a war debt by Austria. During that time, the art collection of a Russian banker, John Julius Angerstein came in the market.
The British government bought that collection and founded the National Gallery on May 10 1824. The gallery was opened in Pall Mall and later shifted to Trafalgar Square.
Tate Gallery:The Victoria and Albert Museum:
The Tate Gallery is the State museum of Britain. It is a network of four galleries; Tate Britain, Tate Liverpool, Tate St. Ives and Tate Modern.
The Tate opened under the title of the National Gallery of British Art. It was renamed in honor of Henry Tate, who provided the fund for a building for it at Millbank, London. The building in Millbank was the only venue till the end of the 20th century. One of the major change in the Tate Gallery was the opening of Tate Modern which displayed the modern collection and the original gallery only housed the British collection. The original Tate Gallery was renamed Tate British. The Tate Liverpool and Tate St Ives were opened later in 1988 and 1993 respectively. The gallery also has a website known as the Tate Online. The most well known activity of the Tate is the awarding of the Turner Prize. The Tate Gallery is administered on a grant from the State Treasury.
The Victoria and Albert Museum is located in Kensington, West London. The Victoria and Albert Museum specializes in applied and decorative arts. The V&A museum was established in 1852 as the South Kensington Museum and was controlled by the Science and Art Department. The name of the museum was changed on 17th May 1899, on the last public appearance of Queen Victoria. The collection at the museum includes art from Europe, India, China, Korea and Japan. The number of decorative items is totaled at 4 million. The Victoria and Albert Museum has galleries housing sculptures, glass works, jewelries, church plates, armors, weapons, costumes, textiles, musical instruments, wrought iron products, photographs and many other types of art works.
Apart from the above mentioned British Museums, other well known museums are the Saatchi Gallery, National Maritime Museum, Madame Tussaud's Museum and the Royal Fusiliers Museum.