Faux” is French for false. Faux painting is a variety of distinctive decorative finishes that are applied to walls.
Origin of Faux Paint:
Faux paint was very popular in Pompeii . During Renaissance two different schools of faux painting developed. One was the Italian school and the other was the French school . The Italian school of faux painting was loose and artistic. The French school was more formal and realistic. An apprentice generally took ten years to become a master at his art. By the 17 th century the techniques of faux painting had been perfected. Most modern faux painters are extremely skilled and use a wide variety of techniques to reproduce colors, veining and create proper effects. In earlier times Kershaw had won awards at the International Exhibit of 1851 and the Paris Exhibit of 1855 for his skill in the techniques of faux painting.
Styles of Faux Painting:
The various styles of faux paintings include sponging, stippling rag rolling and dragging . For achieving a faux paint finish on walls a number of steps are to be followed. The wall is first painted a solid color meant as a background color. The paint is left to dry overnight or for at least four hours. An acrylic paint, which is of a contrasting color to the background, is chosen.
The acrylic paint is prepared and tinted to create the desired glaze color. The tinted glaze is then poured into a roller tray. Depending upon the type of finish desired in the room, the paint is then applied. Sponging and ragging are better for bumpy and irregular walls. They are also the easiest to carry out. Dragging and stippling look best on a smooth wall and are considerably difficult to achieve. It is better to practice the technique of faux paint on a wood or cardboard piece till the desired effect is achieved. The tinted glaze is applied to the wall using whatever materials and techniques are appropriate to the selected faux finish.