India has a great tradition of Art Paintings. The floors of a courtyard the walls of a mud house almost everything in India bears testimony to its glorious art tradition. The sub continent of India has nurtured different Schools of Painting without even categorizing them.
Beautiful motifs called alapana adorn the floors of Bengal, Orissa and Assam houses during festive occasions, while the enchanting warli Paintings are permanent fixtures of all warli tribal households, rangolis enthrall us with their colors.
Women of the Madhubani village of Bihar maintain a strange matriarchal tradition , they paint figures from nature and myth on household and village walls to mark the seasonal festivals, for special events of the life-cycle, and when marriages are being arranged they prepare intricately designed wedding proposals , and the technique of painting is safely and zealously guarded by the women of this village, for it is to be passed on by a mother to her daughter.
Women of this village have been practicing this art form for centuries but it came to the forefront only in the 1960s, when a drought hit the area and people had to think of an alternative non agricultural source of earning. Selling these traditional paintings on handmade paper was the best alternative. And today they are one of the most celebrated Folk Arts of the world.
Art Paintings are indeed the expression of the artistic side of every human being. Its is what we can call the original “mass art”.
Two Sanskrit words, rang (colour) and aavalli ('creepers') combine to create the beatutiful term rangoli which litreally means “colored creepers”. It is probabaly the most popular art form in India and is practises in almost every household. It is known by different names in different part of the country- alapana in Bengal, Aripana in Bihar, Chowkpurana in uttar Pradesh, Kolam in Kerala and muggu in Andhra Prades. However in the north it is generally in the form of wet flooer paintings while in the south it's a dry powder painting.
Warli Paintings are characterized by the minimalistic style employed to say the profoundest things. The use of color is restricted to a stark white against earthen backgrounds. Geometric designs dominate most paintings; dots and crooked lines are the units of these compositions. The appeal of these unicolor compositions lies in their lack of pretentiousness in conveying the profound.