Marble is a metamorphic rock resulting from the metamorphosis of limestone, composed mostly of calcite. Marbling is a wall painting technique that imitates the color patterns of real marble. The marble effect is created by applying layers of tinted glaze, veins and mottling on a white or pale basecoat. This process of mottling and streaking with colors to create the appearance of marble is known as faux marbling . Faux-stone fresco painting was widely used in Pompeii and the style was revived in Europe during the Renaissance period. The most recent revival of faux-marbling started in the 1980's.
Faux-marbles can be of several kinds like faux granite, fantasy marble, siena marble and pink breche. Professional faux-marblers use a variety of techniques to get the exact feel of a marble. Nowadays there are even special training classes which are conducted to teach people about the techniques of faux marbling.
Faux Marbling Technique
In order to do faux marbling the materials which are required are white oil based eggshell paint, boiled linseed oil, turpentine spirit, black oil paint, brushes and two feathers. Firstly, one would require some good photos of the marble one wants to imitate, then clean the surface and apply eggshell paint and let it dry. Then paint it with linseed oil, leave it to dry and mix the black oil paint and eggshell paint together. Then with the help of brushes, paint the surface in random diagonal directions and finally add fine veining with a feather, then unify the surface with the help of brushes.